Christopher Wool, Untitled, 1988, alkyd on paper, 20 × 13 inches (50.8 × 33 cm)
Christopher Wool Bibliography (Selected) (53 Kb)
Christopher Wool was born in 1955 in Chicago, Illinois. He attended both Sarah Lawrence College, New York, and The New York Studio School, New York. Wool is best known for his paintings of large, black, stenciled letters on white canvases. However, Wool possesses a wide range of style—using a combined array of painterly techniques, including spray paint, silkscreen, and hand painting. Wool provides tension between painting and erasing, gesture and removal, depth and flatness. By painting layer upon layer of whites and off-whites over silkscreened elements used in previous works—monochrome forms taken from reproductions, enlargements of details of photographs, screens, and polaroids of his own paintings—he accretes the surface of his pressurized paintings while apparently voiding their very substance. Only ghosts and impediments to the field of vision remain, each fixed in its individual temporality. Through these various procedures of application and cancellation, Wool obscures the liminal traces of previous elements, putting reproduction and negation to generative use in forming a new chapter in contemporary painting. His paintings, therefore, can be defined as much by what they are not and what they hold back as what they are.
Wool's work has been exhibited extensively around the world in many solo and group exhibitions. Solo shows include the San Francisco Museum of Modern Art, San Francisco (1989); Museum Boymans-van Beuningen, The Netherlands (1991; traveled to Kunsthalle Bern, Switzerland and Kölnischer Kunstverein, Germany); Eli Broad Family Foundation, Los Angeles (1992); Ophiuchus Collection, The Hydra Workshop, Greece (1998); Museum of Contemporary Art, Los Angeles (1998; traveled to Carnegie Museum of Art, Pittsburgh and Kunsthalle Basel, Switzerland); Centre d’Art Contemporain Geneve, Switzerland (1999); Le Consortium, France (2002; traveled to Dundee Contemporary Arts, Scotland through 2003); Camden Arts Centre, London (2004); Instituto Valenciano de Arte Moderno, Spain (2006); ETH (Swiss Federal Institute of Technology), Switzerland (2006); Museum de Arte Contemporanea de Serralves, Portugal (2008; traveled to Museum Ludwig, Germany); Musée d’Art Moderne de la Ville de Paris, Paris (2012); and the major retrospective, “Christopher Wool,” Guggenheim, New York (2013; traveled to The Art Institute of Chicago, Chicago). Wool’s works are in permanent collections of the Museum of Modern Art, New York, Museum of Contemporary Art, Los Angeles, Museum of Boymans-van Beuningen, Rotterdam, Tate Modern, London, and the de la Cruz Collection Art Space, Miami.
Wool currently lives and works in New York.